The Coup

An American Solution


  • Benjamin Sikes


This article examines the reason for United States involvement in the Iran coup of 1953. It analyzes Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh’s, decision to nationalize the country’s oil industry. It further analyzes the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company’s attempt to combat the nationalization through the International Court of Justice, and the British reaction to the loss of revenue from Iranian oil. The article examines U.S. interest in assisting the British with overthrowing Mosaddegh. It also looks at the appointment of Mohammad Reza Shah as the country’s singular leader. The article views the coup as one of the many smaller events during the Cold War that had a larger impact on its outcome. The paper argues that the importance of U.S. involvement in the coup was not primarily to prevent Iran from becoming a communist nation. The paper concludes its argument stating that the coup was carried out to ensure the economic security and stability of Great Britain, America’s most important European ally during the Cold War.