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Author Guidelines

Because JHRE's articles will appear online in PDF format, strict adherence to the latest edition of the Publication Manual of American Psychological Association is expected, with the following exceptions:

- All papers should be submitted in Microsoft Word format (*.DOC or *.DOCX). All other formats will be rejected.

- Remove all identifying information (author name, affiliation, addressing, etc.) from the text of the manuscript. A separate title page should be submitted that includes this information.

There are two focus areas for academic reviews at JHRE: (1) the quality of information that is being presented, and (2) the quality of presentation of the information. Issues in either area are a valid cause for rejection and both must be considered when making any submission to JHRE.

Information Content

JHRE does not set any standards with regard to the value of content of any particular manuscript to the scientific community. What seems unimportant to some readers may be very important to others. While it would be very difficult to specify any firm rules for what is acceptable and what is not, reviewers and authors should keep the following guidelines in mind:

  1. References to support statements of fact. It is left up to the author and reviewer(s) to determine what statements in a manuscript require supporting references. Generally speaking, this decision should be made in the context of what is the norm for the particular focus area of the manuscript. Further, JHRE strongly encourages the use of "principal source" references (e.g., the original source of information) whenever possible. The more academically rigorous the source, the more it is preferred over less rigorous sources. Unreferreed sources should generally be avoided.
  2. Speculation. Speculative content in empirical papers is typically inappropriate, except when stating so in a conclusion section or as a topic for further study.
  3. Significance. Statistical significance and effect sizes of all calculations should be provided whenever possible.
  4. Reproducibility. The ability to reproduce results is critical to good research. All manuscripts should contain sufficient information to fully describe the population under study, the research environment, as well as the method of analysis. Bulky detailed data can be moved to an appendix. Data obtained during research should be made available when possible in a public repository.
  5. Relevance. JHRE's only concern with with relevance is with regard to whether or not an article fits within the mission/domaino of JHRE.
  6. Originality. Papers that have already been published are generally not acceptable. However, JHRE encourages the publication of papers that have been presented at conferences, provided the paper is substantially different than what may appear in electronic proceedings. Prior conference presentations must be acknowledged within the article.
  7. Comparisons with existing work. Comparisons of a study to the work of others should be as unambiguous as possible. Common definitions should be used, as well a common analysis and reporting method. However, if contemporary analysis and reporting methods are more robust than those used in the other works, then the more robust standard should be followed.
  8. Negative results. Because research sometimes contradicts the works of others for valid reasons, JHRE's editorial staff has made it a policy that negative results will undergo a more careful review prior to publication, but otherwise is an acceptable subject to report. In all cases, the reasons for the contradiction (if known) should be noted in detail, and particular attention MUST be given to maintaining professionalism toward the work of earlier authors on the subject.

Quality of presentation

While many journals do not object to variety in how results are reported, the JHRE editorial board believes that a common standard of reporting is preferable. With regard to style and general document preparation, the only standard will be the most current edition of the Style Guide of the American Psychological Association (APA), with all available updates.

Manuscript length

All submissions should be less than 32 pages of body text (excludes title, abstract, keywords, authors notes, references, appendices, etc.). Note that this is 32 pages of double-spaced, Times New Roman 12 point font, 1" margins all around, and no extra spacing between paragraphs. 

Submission Preparation Checklist

All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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